The schema of a database system is its structure described in a formal language supported by the database management system (DBMS).  In a relational database, the schema defines the tables, the fields, relationships, views, indexes, packages, procedures, functions, queues, triggers, types, sequences, materialized views, synonyms, database links, directories, Java, XML schemas, and other elements.

Schemas are generally stored in a data dictionary. Although a schema is defined in text database language, the term is often used to refer to a graphical depiction of the database structure

There are levels of database schema:

  • Conceptual schema, a map of concepts and their relationships.
  • Logical schema, a map of entities and their attributes and relations
  • Physical schema, a particular implementation of a logical schema
  • Schema object, Oracle database object

GIS has three databases and schemas that correspond to the database services GIS offers:

  GIS Data Workflow                    Street Network SDE Features        SBC Parcel Geodatabase Design 
                                                                Data Set Schema                             
   
                        

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